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2nd Annual Congress on Diabetes and its Complications, will be organized around the theme “New Insights and Clinical Advancements in Diabetic Complications”
Diabetic Complications 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Diabetic Complications 2019
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A branch of biology and medicine which primarily deals with the study of endocrine system, hormones and its disorders constitutes Endocrinology. It also involves the study of metabolism, growth and development, digestion, tissue function and various other psychological or behavioural activities which are influenced by hormones. Diabetes, on the other hand, is a group of metabolic disorders characterised by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period mainly due to insulin deficiency or resistance.
- Track 1-1 Endocrinology and Metabolism
- Track 1-2Metabolic Syndrome
- Track 1-3Metabolic Disorders
- Track 1-4Endocrine Disorders
- Track 1-5Molecular Endocrinology
- Track 1-6Diabetes Signs & Symptoms
- Track 1-7β-cell Dysfunction
Diabetes is mainly of three types however, research has shown that a variety of other rare types of diabetes also exists. While insulin deficiency or resistance is the chief causative factor for the three main types of diabetes, there are a host of other factors which are responsible for the rare types of diabetes. Diabetes pathophysiology seeks to highlight the functional changes in an organism brought about due to the occurrence of diabetes.
- Track 2-1 Prediabetes
- Track 2-2Insulin Deficiency
- Track 2-3Steroid-induced diabetes
- Track 2-4Neonatal Diabetes
- Track 2-5Latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA)
- Track 2-6Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Track 2-7Gestational Diabetes
- Track 2-8 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
- Track 2-9Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
- Track 2-10 Insulin Resistance
Complications associated with diabetes are often acute or chronic. Acute complications, though short-termed, can often present immediate danger and thus needs to be treated at the earliest possible. These short term complications are mainly characterised by the hypoglycaemic or hyperglycaemic state of the body in which it is unable to function properly. Acute complications mainly include diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic coma and so on. These complications if promptly treated, usually results in full recovery, however might prove fatal in case of delayed treatment.
- Track 3-1Hypoglycemia
- Track 3-2Ketoacidosis
- Track 3-3Dead in bed syndrome
- Track 3-4Diabetic coma
- Track 3-5Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic coma
- Track 3-6Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome
Diabetics are more prone to developing dental complications than those who have a proper control over their blood glucose level. There are a host of dental and gum diseases associated with diabetes including gingivitis, periodontitis (mild and severe), fungal infections, dry mouth, loose teeth and so on. Prolonged levels of blood glucose can lead to developing or worsening of dental infections. Keeping a check on the blood glucose level, maintaining proper oral and dental hygiene can help mitigate such complications.
- Track 4-1Gingivitis
- Track 4-2Periodontitis
- Track 4-3Thrush
- Track 4-4Bad Breath
- Track 4-5Xerostomia
- Track 4-6Oral Burning
- Track 4-7Dental Care, Hygiene & Treatment
Diabetic neuropathy or nerve damage which is brought about by diabetes is a severe form of the diabetic complications. High blood glucose levels often damage the small blood vessels which supplies essential nutrients thereby causing neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy mostly affects the nerves in legs and feet. Apart from neuropathy, diabetes has also been linked to various other disorders of the brain including Alzheimer's disease, Memory loss, Gastric Problem, Mental Health, etc. Though a serious complication, progress of diabetic neuropathy can be slowed down with tight blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.
- Track 5-1Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
- Track 5-2Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy
- Track 5-3Diabetic amyotrophy
- Track 5-4Mononeuropathy
- Track 5-5 Memory loss
- Track 5-6Gastroparesis
- Track 5-7 Alzheimer’s Disease
- Track 5-8Nerve pain
Also known as diabetic kidney disease (DKD), diabetic nephropathy is the chronic loss of kidney function primarily because of high blood glucose level. About 40% of the individuals affected with Diabetes Mellitus, eventually develops DKD. Diabetic Nephropathy is characterised by the loss of protein in the urine (proteinuria or albuminuria) and also by a decline in the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate of the kidneys. It is one of the most common causes of End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) which can ultimately lead to kidney failure. A proper diet, healthy lifestyle, regular checking of blood glucose and lowering blood pressure can help prevent diabetic nephropathy and protect kidney function.
- Track 6-1Ketonuria
- Track 6-2Proteinuria
- Track 6-3 Anemia
- Track 6-4Urinary Incontinence
- Track 6-5Causes & Associated Risk Factors
- Track 6-6Complications of Diabetic Kidney Disease
Diabetes can also cause a group of eye conditions which are collectively called Diabetic eye disease. The most common form of the disease is diabetic retinopathy which is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina. This condition can progress through four stages and eventually result in retinal detachment or permanent vision loss. Other forms of the diabetic eye disease include Glaucoma, Cataracts, Blindness, etc. For early detection and treatment of such disease, it is necessary for affected individuals to undergo retinopathy screening and taking proper care of oneself.
- Track 7-1Visual Impairment
- Track 7-2Cataracts
- Track 7-3Glaucoma
- Track 7-4Retinal detachment
- Track 7-5Diabetic Retinopathy
- Track 7-6Background retinopathy
- Track 7-7Proliferative retinopathy
- Track 7-8Diabetic maculopathy
Having diabetes greatly enhances the risk of developing a heart disease and having a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke. High blood pressure or high cholesterol which is often associated with diabetes is the main causative factors of cardiovascular diseases. Apart from these, several other serious vascular complications also arise because of diabetes viz. Angina, Deep vein thrombosis, endothelial dysfunction, Peripheral arterial disease, etc. Identifying symptoms, maintaining a healthy weight, proper diet and medications and cutting down on smoking can help keep these otherwise serious complications under control.
- Track 8-1Hypertension
- Track 8-2Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
- Track 8-3Diabetic myonecrosis
- Track 8-4Heart Failure
- Track 8-5Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Track 8-6Peripheral arterial disease
- Track 8-7High cholesterol
- Track 8-8High cholesterol
- Track 8-9Coronary Heart Disease
- Track 8-10Stroke
- Track 8-11Endothelial Dysfunction
People with diabetes are more likely to develop skin problems which include bacterial and fungal infections, diabetic dermopathy, diabetic blisters, eruptive xanthomatosis, etc. Generally because of high glucose levels they tend to have dry skin and less ability to ward off harmful bacteria. In both the conditions, risk of infection predominantly increases. Fortunately, majority of the skin conditions can be prevented or easily treated if diagnosed early. Good skin care is essential. However, keeping diabetes well managed is the key to avoiding skin complications.
- Track 9-1 Bacterial Infections
- Track 9-2Fungal Infections
- Track 9-3Acanthosis Nigricans
- Track 9-4Diabetic Dermopathy
- Track 9-5Allergic Reactions
- Track 9-6Diabetic bullae
- Track 9-7Diabetic stiff skin
Often, raised blood glucose is capable of damaging the sensation in the feet, affecting blood circulation to the area without which there usually tends to be delay in healing of the cuts and sores. When these symptoms are kept untreated, various complications are likely to arise like foot ulcers, foot infections and foot deformation and might also lead to amputation. Therefore it is extremely necessary to take proper care of the foot, undergo regular foot examinations and keep diabetes under control.
- Track 10-1Diabetic Foot ulcers
- Track 10-2Diabetic Foot Amputation
- Track 10-3Diabetic Foot Pain
- Track 10-4Charcot’s foot
- Track 10-5Gangrene
- Track 10-6Miscellaneous Diabetic Foot Damage
- Track 10-7Footcare in Diabetes
Research has shown that diabetes is linked to an increased risk for different forms of cancer. Cancers of the liver, pancreas, and endometrium are twice as likely to occur in diabetic people as those in non-diabetic people. Studies have focussed more on the relationship between Type 2 Diabetes and Cancer, some of which have suggested that hyperinsulinemia might possibly promote the growth of tumours. Also, leading harmful lifestyles can also be attributed to the development of both diabetes and cancer. Making lifestyle changes and increasing awareness are some of the ways of reducing risks of cancer associated with diabetes.
- Track 11-1Cervical Cancer
- Track 11-2Stomach Cancer
- Track 11-3Breast cancers
- Track 11-4Endometrial cancers
- Track 11-5Pancreatic cancers
- Track 11-6Liver cancers
- Track 11-7Kidney cancers
- Track 11-8Colon cancers
Gestational diabetes, if not carefully managed, can bring about complications for both the baby and the mother. Such complications are associated with premature birth, respiratory distress syndrome, excessive birth weight, hypoglycaemia, stillbirth, etc. Along with the baby, the mother is also at the risk of developing serious complications like preeclampsia, future diabetes, etc. Screening for gestational diabetes, losing extra weight before pregnancy, eating healthy foods, exercise, lifestyle changes are some of the preventive measures that can be adopted for diabetic complications during pregnancy.
- Track 12-1Macrosomia
- Track 12-2Premature birth & Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Track 12-3Neonatal Hypoglycemia
- Track 12-4Preeclampsia
- Track 12-5 Polyhydramnios
- Track 12-6Birth Trauma
- Track 12-7Subsequent gestational diabetes
- Track 12-8Prevention and Cure
Often diabetic neuropathy, arterial disease and obesity can lead to a greater predisposition towards various bone and joint disorders. Some of the common bone and joint complications include Charcot joint, diabetic hand syndrome, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, frozen shoulder, and so on. The only way of overcoming diabetes-related bone and joint complications is to identify them early. It is advisable to be aware of the conditions to be able to treat them before they develop further, cause pain, discomfort or restrict movement.
- Track 13-1Osteoporosis
- Track 13-2Osteoarthritis
- Track 13-3 Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
- Track 13-4Diabetes & Bone Mineral Density
- Track 13-5Bone Fracture Risk
- Track 13-6Tendon Thickness
- Track 13-7Frozen Shoulder
- Track 13-8Diabetic Hand Syndrome
Apart from the mentioned, there are numerous other complications which are caused by diabetes. It affects various organs of the body leading to their improper functioning. Diabetes can lead to development of the diseases of the Thyroid including Hashimoto's disease, Graves' disease, etc. Fibromyalgia is another condition which is linked to diabetes. Studies have also shown correlation between diabetes and impairment of hearing, lung diseases, various muscle conditions, fertility related issues, sexual dysfunction, etc. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels over a prolonged period of time can be accounted for the development of such numerous diabetic complications.
- Track 14-1Lipohypertrophy
- Track 14-2Female infertility
- Track 14-3 Sexual Dysfunction
- Track 14-4Urinary tract infections
- Track 14-5Nocturia
- Track 14-6Restrictive lung disease
- Track 14-7Hearing impairment
- Track 14-8Eating Disorder
- Track 14-9Non-alcoholic Fatty liver disease
- Track 14-10Fibromyalgia
- Track 14-11Thyroid Disorders
Pediatric or juvenile diabetes is chronic type 1 diabetes which affects the young population, particularly children under the age of 15. Such diabetes brings about lifetime dependency on exogenous insulin. Signs and symptoms of pediatric diabetes are similar to other types of diabetes and children are more likely to develop the disease if there is a family history of diabetes. Complications of pediatric diabetes also generally include heart diseases, nerve damage, nerve, kidney and eye damage, skin conditions, osteoporosis, etc. Proper diagnosis, treatment and management are the possible remedies for this type of diabetes.
- Track 15-1Causes & Symptoms
- Track 15-2Risk Factors
- Track 15-3Associated Complications
- Track 15-4Prevention
- Track 15-5Diagnosis & Treatment
- Track 15-6 Medication
- Track 15-7Pediatric Diabetes Research
- Track 15-8Lifestyle Changes
Diabetic emergencies are quite common in people with diabetes and are usually caused due to severe hypoglycaemia, Diabetic ketoacidosis, HHS, infections and diabetic complications. Such emergencies are often characterised by a sudden manifestation of unexplained symptoms, like loss of consciousness, signs of a stroke, seizures, confusion, muscle weakness, signs of a heart attack, etc. These emergencies can even prove to be fatal if the patient receives delayed medical care. Hence appropriate and timely identification and management of diabetic emergencies might prove to be helpful in preventing such a situation.
- Track 16-1Diabetic Coma
- Track 16-2Severe hypoglycemia
- Track 16-3Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
- Track 16-4Signs & Symptoms
- Track 16-5 Prevention
- Track 16-6Diabetic Emergency Care
- Track 16-7Diagnosis & Treatment of Emergencies
One of the best preventive measures one can adopt for diabetes is undertaking diabetic screening tests. Such screening is useful for detecting diabetes at an early stage and consequently taking appropriate measures to curb the further development of diabetes-related complications. Screening tests can be performed for the eyes (retinopathy screening), nerves, kidney, blood pressure, cholesterol, etc. A variety of tests are also available for diagnosing or distinguishing between certain types of diabetes including HbA1c test, C-peptide test, antibodies test, etc.
- Track 17-1 Prediabetes Screening
- Track 17-2Retinopathy Screening
- Track 17-3Cholesterol Screening
- Track 17-4Blood Pressure Screening
- Track 17-5Kidney Disease Screening
- Track 17-6Nerve Damage Screening
- Track 17-7 Screening Tests
It is always advisable to take up preventive measures for such a disease which brings about so many serious complications. Some of the measures include undertaking a balanced diet, doing regular exercise, making lifestyle changes and cutting down on harmful habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption. Adopting preventive measures for Pre-diabetes, which is a precursor to type 2 diabetes is also recommended. Diabetic medications are also helpful for lowering the risk of diabetes in patients for whom lifestyle interventions might not be sufficient.
- Track 18-1Prevention of pre-diabetes
- Track 18-2Prevention of type 1 diabetes
- Track 18-3Prevention of type 2 diabetes
- Track 18-4Diet
- Track 18-5Exercise
- Track 18-6Medication
- Track 18-7 Lifestyle Changes
Treatment strategy of diabetes aims at keeping blood glucose levels near to the normal range. This treatment should be specific to every individual depending on the type of diabetes one is having. While Type 1 diabetes is usually treated with insulin, Type 2 diabetes usually requires management with diet and exercise. A variety of anti-diabetic medication, insulin treatment, transplants, surgery and herbal remedies are available which should be coupled with planned diet, physical exercise and blood glucose screening for effectively treating diabetes.
- Track 19-1Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
- Track 19-2Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
- Track 19-3Insulin Treatment
- Track 19-4Pancreatic Transplantation
- Track 19-5Islet Cell Transplants
- Track 19-6Weight loss surgery
- Track 19-7Herbal & Natural Remedies
A common form of treating people with diabetes is administering anti-diabetic drug. While insulin is the drug of choice for treating Type 1 diabetes, other classes of medicines like Sulphonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors, etc. are used to treat Type 2 Diabetes. Some drugs act uniquely to keep diabetes under control while others manifest similar behaviour due to which they have been grouped into specific classes of anti-diabetic drugs. There are some drugs which can be used to treat both the types of Diabetes. These work in different ways to help keep a check on the blood sugar.
- Track 20-1Biguanides
- Track 20-2Amylin Analogues
- Track 20-3Prandial glucose regulators
- Track 20-4Prandial glucose regulators
- Track 20-5Thiazolidinediones
- Track 20-6Incretin mimetics
- Track 20-7SGLT2 inhibitors
- Track 20-8DPP-4 inhibitors
- Track 20-9Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors
- Track 20-10Sulphonylureas
- Track 20-11Other Medications
Also referred to as Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), this procedure of treatment, which is not a part of standard medical care, have been found to be beneficial for many individuals with diabetes. Such treatments include Chinese Medicine, Acupuncture, Ayurvedic Medicine, Aromatherapy, relaxation therapy, etc. Some of these therapies aim at treating the body and the mind and are also helpful for relaxing and relieving stress. Additionally such therapies help in mitigating nerve pain in individuals who have diabetic neuropathy.
- Track 21-1Ayurvedic Medicine
- Track 21-2Natural Dietary Supplements
- Track 21-3Acupuncture
- Track 21-4Biofeedback
- Track 21-5Aromatherapy
- Track 21-6Mind and Body Therapies
- Track 21-7Guided Imagery
- Track 21-8Massage Therapy
Apart from prevention and treatment, it is extremely important to manage the condition of diabetes as efficiently as possible. Management of diabetes mainly aims to minimize the risk of long-term consequences associated with diabetes. It not only involves keeping a check on blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels but also focussing on modern approaches like exercise, dietary and lifestyle management often coupled with on-going blood glucose level monitoring. Besides this, self-management of diabetes is also very crucial for the proper adherence to dietary and lifestyle modifications.
- Track 22-1Management of type 1 diabetes
- Track 22-2Management of type 2 diabetes
- Track 22-3Management of diabetes in pregnancy
- Track 22-4Management of Diabetic Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 22-5Management of Diabetic Eye Diseases
- Track 22-6Management of Diabetic Kidney Diseases
- Track 22-7Management of Diabetic Foot Diseases
- Track 22-8Lifestyle management
Nutrition forms a very important part of diabetes care. Balancing all the right nutrients in the right amount helps in maintaining a healthy diet. Often a diabetic diet is recommended to individuals with diabetes which is naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat and carbohydrates. The objective of such nutritional therapies is to attain and maintain optimal metabolic outcomes by keeping the blood glucose level as close to the normal range as possible. Dietary fibres also form a crucial part of diabetic diet as these moderates how the body digests and helps control blood sugar levels.
- Track 23-1Diabetic diet
- Track 23-2Low-Carbohydrate Diet
- Track 23-3Weight-loss Diet
- Track 23-4Essential Macronutrients
- Track 23-5Essential Micronutrients
- Track 23-6Dietary Fibre
- Track 23-7Reading Food Labels
- Track 23-8Foods to Avoid
Of the many risk factors of diabetes, genetics play a very strong role in the development of both types of diabetes. Individuals with a family history of diabetes are more likely to develop the condition than those without any diabetes in the family. Some types of diabetes like MODY is can be directly inherited. Studies have shown that Type 2 diabetes has a very strong genetic component and the likelihood of developing it if parents and/or siblings are already having the condition is far more as compared to Type 1 diabetes.
- Track 24-1Genetic Factors in Type 1 Diabetes
- Track 24-2Genetic Factors in Type 2 Diabetes
- Track 24-3 MODY
- Track 24-4Risk of Inheritance
- Track 24-5Role of Genetics in Treatment and Prevention
- Track 24-6Advancements in Genetics Research
Also termed as Syndrome X, metabolic syndrome refers to a group of conditions like increased blood pressure, blood sugar, greater waist circumference and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that occur together, thereby, enhancing the risk of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Most commonly occurring symptoms include abdominal obesity, fatigue, insulin resistance, frequent urination, etc. Metabolic syndrome is usually brought about due to overweight, obesity and inactivity and can be reversed by being physically active, losing weight, having proper diet and making certain lifestyle changes.
- Track 25-1Symptoms and Causes
- Track 25-2Pathophysiology
- Track 25-3Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
- Track 25-4Associated Risk Factors & Complications
- Track 25-5Diagnosis & Prevention
- Track 25-6Treatment & Management
One of the most important features of diabetes management is the self-management of diabetes which can be successfully achieved and complications prevented with the help and support of the nursing team. Diabetes specialist nurses play a crucial role in screening diabetic persons, detecting early onset of diabetes, assessing nutritional needs of the patient, promoting self-management, providing prevention advice, spreading awareness on diabetes and also providing health coaching. In this context, it is extremely necessary for nurses to be well educated, trained and skilled adequately to be able to proficiently deliver care, support self-management and provide advice to diabetic persons.
- Track 26-1Diabetic Nursing Education
- Track 26-2Diabetic Nursing Management
- Track 26-3Diabetic Nursing Care
- Track 26-4Diabetic Nursing Assessment
- Track 26-5 Nursing Priorities
- Track 26-6Nursing Interventions
- Track 26-7Discharge and Home Care Guidelines
Diabetes is a serious condition which still doesn't have a cure which makes new research, treatment and management techniques a crucial necessity. Over the past years there have been considerable breakthroughs in understanding and preventing diabetic complications. While some research focuses on generating artificial pancreas or engineering insulin-producing beta cells, some other researches are directed towards finding newer and longer lasting drug molecules, devising more efficient diets and also developing intensive treatment programs. Needless to say, trends and advances on diabetes research is the need of the hour for bringing about excellent management of this serious life-threatening disease.
- Track 27-1Vaccination
- Track 27-2 Engineered Beta Cells
- Track 27-3Artificial Pancreas
- Track 27-4Islet Neogenesis
- Track 27-5New Anti-Diabetic Drugs
- Track 27-6Intensive Combination Therapies
- Track 27-7Development of Diabetic Diet